What are Terpenes and what do they do?

WHat is the function of Terpenes in Cannabis hemp and Cannabis Sativa?


The short answer is: Terpenes are the flavor profile of each plant. This is why some plants have a skunk smell or some plants have a citrus smell and taste. This is due to different terpenes.

What are the different types of cannabis terpenes and what flavors are they?

Well, there are over 100 different types of terpenes identified in the cannabis plant. However, we will focus on the more popular/common ones. With the CBD and cannabis industry progressing, one of the more exciting aspects for consumers is discovering the different smells and tastes that cannabis hemp and cannabis sativa have to offer. Also, another trend is introducing non-cannabis terpenes into concentrates and oils. This opens up a whole new world to what is possible with cannabis derived products.


The terpene “Limonene” is responsible for the Citrus smells within some cannabis flowers. Limonene is also the terpene found in lemons and other citrus fruits.


Can you guess what smell the terpene “A-Pinene” is responsible for? You are probably right! The pine smell that many cannabis flower share is directly attributed to the terpene A-Pinene. Fun Fact: it’s also commonly found in pine trees.


Myrcene is a very dynamic terpene. Myrcene can be found in mangoes, hops, thyme, and lemongrass. However, when it comes to cannabis, Myrcene is responsible for a “Musky” or “Herbal” aroma.


Linalool is commonly found in the Lavender plant. With cannabis, it has a light, floral aroma. The terpene Linalool can be found in strains such as Bubble Gum, Sour Diesel, and many other famous strains.


Caryophyllene is a interesting terpene. It contains aromas such as spice, wood, and pepper. You can find this terpene in strains such as Pineapple express, Sage n Sour, and Gorilla Glue #4.


Humulene is known as one of the Anti-inflammatory terpenes that some strains contain. You can identify Humulene through it’s herbal, woody, earthy, and spicy aroma it has.

Do Terpenes do more than just provide different aromas?

Yes! Different terpenes have different aromas and also can help with many health aspects. For example the terpene “Myrcene” can act as a anti-inflammatory, sedative, pain relief, and muscle relaxant. Other terpenes can help with energy, focus, memory, anxiety, anti-tumor, anti-bacterial, and much more. Keep in mind each terpene has it’s own purpose and can help with very different things.

Alex Person